Analisis Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Pesisir Berbasis Co-Management. Kasus: Kadie Liya, Kecamatan Wangi-Wangi Selatan, Kabupaten Wakatobi

Mochammad Faizal Arief Wibowo, Arif Satria

Abstract


Co-management is an alternative model of coastal resources management requires multi-stakeholder integration and collaboration to maintain the sustainability of resources. This research aims to analyze implementation of Wakatobi collaborative coastal resource management and influence of internal and external factors to participation level of Liya community. This research is taking place on Kadie Liya, Wangi-Wangi Selatan district, Wakatobi. Method that used in this research is mix methods, combining qualitative and quantitative approach. Quantitative data analysis used simple linear regression test that tested to 45 respondents. The result of this research showed that implementation of Wakatobi collaborative coastal resource management has instructive type, both in decision making, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.  Generally, internal factors have no influence to Liya community level of participation. External factors have influence to community level of participation, especially in PAAP Kadie Liya program.

Keywords: co-management, community participation, resources management, stakeholder

ABSTRAK

Co-management merupakan sebuah model alternatif dari pengelolaan sumberdaya pesisir yang mensyaratkan adanya integrasi dan kolaborasi multipihak untuk menjaga keberlanjutan sumberdaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis implementasi pengelolaan kolaboratif sumberdaya pesisir Wakatobi dan pengaruh faktor internal dan eksternal terhadap tingkat partisipasi masyarakat Liya. Penelitian ini berlokasi di Kadie Liya, Kecamatan Wangi-Wangi Selatan, Kabupaten Wakatobi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah mix methods, menggabungkan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Analisis data kuantitatif menggunakan uji regresi linear sederhana yang diujikan pada 45 responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi pengelolan kolaboratif sumberdaya pesisir Wakatobi memiliki tipe instructive baik dalam pengambilan keputusan, pelaksanaan, pengawasan dan evaluasi. Secara umum, faktor internal tidak memiliki pengaruh nyata terhadap tingkat partisipasi masyarakat Liya. Faktor eksternal berpengaruh nyata terhadap tingkat partisipasi masyarakat, khususnya dalam Program PAAP Kadie Liya.

Kata kunci: co-management, pengelolaan sumberdaya, partisipasi masyarakat, stakeholder




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.3.2.%25p

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