Dampak Industrialisasi Pedesaan terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat di Desa Ciherang Pondok, Kecamatan Caringin, Kabupaten Bogor

Thessa Ayuningtias, Murdianto Murdianto

Abstract


Rural industrialization is a development step to push the economic growth. Implementation of rural industrialization program not focused in the city but in rural area with purpose so that the development could disseminate evenly until the grassroots level. There was a shifting of livelihood caused by industrial penetration in rural area, from agriculture to non agriculture. Meanwhile from an economic view, the presence of industry could open an employment and business opportunity for the people around there. The aim of this research is to analyze the correlation of the impact of rural industrialization with community welfare between them who have livelihood in industrial and non industrial sectors. This research is using quantitative approach with survey method and supported by qualitative data. The result of this study shows that there are different correlations in the impact of rural industrialization with community welfare between them who have livelihood in industrial and non industrial sectors.

Keywords: livelihood, agriculture, non agriculture

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ABSTRAK

Industrialiasasi pedesaan merupakan suatu langkah pembangunan untuk mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi. Kegiatan industri ini tidak dipusatkan di perkotaan, melainkan mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi di tingkat pedesaan dengan tujuan agar pembangunan tersebar secara merata hingga ke lapisan akar rumput. Hadirnya industri di pedesaan, jika dilihat dari aspek sosial telah menggeser kehidupan pertanian. Sedangkan dari aspek ekonomi, berdirinya suatu industri di pedesaan dapat membuka kesempatan bekerja dan kesempatan berusaha bagi warga sekitar. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan dampak industrialisasi pedesaan dengan kesejahteraan masyarakat antar kelompok dengan pola nafkah industri dan non industri. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survei dan didukung oleh data kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan hubungan dampak industrialisasi pedesaan dengan kesejahteraan masyarakat antara kelompok dengan pola nafkah industri dan non industri.

Kata kunci: nafkah, pertanian, non pertanian

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