Akses Masyarakat dalam Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Air

Amelia Ari Putri, Martua Sihaloho

Abstract


The existence of Constitution Number 7 the Year 2004 on Water Resources become the foundation of open opportunity for water commercialization and commodification. The private sector has opportunity in water concessions through the granting of entitlements that lead to changes in resource ownership regimes. The establishment of water company makes the abundance of water resources that can be utilized by the community to fulfil their socio-economic needs being reduced. Villagers often mean that the presence of the private sector will reduce water utilization in their area, thus feeling their access to water use will be limited. This study aims to analyze the influence of community access in utilizing water resources to socio-economic conditions of society. This research is located in Sukamantri Village, Tamansari District, Bogor Regency, West Java. The method used to extract facts, data, and information in the research is the quantitative approach through survey method with questionnaires and supported by qualitative data through interview and literature study until obtained by analysis result that access of water resources utilization by society influence their socioeconomic.

Keywords: Access, regime property, socio-economic, water resources

 

ABSTRAK

Adanya UU Nomor 7 Tahun 2004 tentang Sumber Daya Air menjadikan landasan terbukanya kesempatan bagi upaya komersialisasi dan komodifikasi air. Sektor swasta berkesempatan dalam pengusahaan air lewat pemberian hak guna usaha yang menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan rezim kepemilikan sumber daya. Berdirinya Perusahaan air membuat kelimpahan sumber daya air yang dapat dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sosial ekonominya menjadi berkurang. Masyarakat desa sering memaknai bahwa kehadiran pihak swasta akan mengurangi pemanfaatan air di wilayah mereka, sehingga merasa akses mereka dalam pemanfaatan air akan terbatasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh akses masyarakat dalam memanfaatkan sumber daya air terhadap kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat. Penelitian ini berlokasi di Desa Sukamantri, Kecamatan Tamansari, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. Metode yang digunakan untuk menggali fakta, data, dan informasi dalam penelitian adalah pendekatan kuantitatif melalui metode survei dengan kuesioner, dan didukung oleh data kualtitatif melalui wawancara dan studi literatur hingga diperoleh hasil analisis bahwa akses pemanfaatan sumber daya air oleh masyarakat mempengaruhi kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat.

Kata kunci: Akses, rezim kepemilikan, sumber daya air, sosial ekonomi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.2.5.681-692

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