Analisis Gender pada Rumah Tangga Nelayan terhadap Fenomena Perubahan Iklim

Rohmah Mustaurida, Sriwulan Ferindian Falatehan

Abstract


Climate change now is not only society in global level problem, but also at communities level. Shapes of climate change was happened in Sukajaya Lempasing village were flood, coastline change, and fishes habitat change. In fishermen household there were women and men who had different needs, roles, and division of labor. The purpose of this study were to identify shapes of climate change, to analyze the relationship between individual and household characteristics with access, decision making of resources, control, participation in social activities, and benefits gained in gender perspective, also to know vulnerability of coastal household in Sukajaya Lempasing village. The respondes were household with man leader and woman leader. This study was used quantitative and qualitative metodes. Rank Spearman test result showed there were individual and household caracteristics had highly corelation between (a) eduation with division of labour in productive role, (b) age and motivation be a fishermen with control of productive role, (c) age, experience of fishing, and mount of member in household with control in social role, (d) age and experience of fishing with division of labour and control of benefits gained.

Keywords : Climate change, gender, fishermen household

ABSTRAK

Perubahan iklim kini bukan hanya masalah masyarakat pada tingkat global saja, tapi juga pada tingkat komunitas. Dapak perubahan iklim yang terjadi di Desa Sukajaya Lempasing seperti banjir/rob, perubahan garis pantai, dan perubahan habitat ikan berdampak pada rumah tangga nelayan. Rumah tangga terdiri dari individu perempuan dan laki-laki yang memiliki kebutuhan, peran, dan pembagian kerja yang bebeda. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi dampak perubahan iklim, menganalisis hubungan karakter individu dan rumah tangga terhadap pembagian kerja, pengambilan keputusan terhadap sumberdaya, kontrol, partisipasi, dan manfaat yang diperoleh dalam perspektif gender pada anggota rumah tangga nelayan, dan mengetahui kerentanan pada rumah tangga nelayan. Responden merupakan rumah tangga dengan kepala rumah tangga laki-laki dan perempuan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil uji korelasi menggunakan Rank Spearman menunjukkan adanya variabel karakteristik individu dan rumah tangga yang signifikan, yaitu antara (a) pendidikan terhadap pembagian kerja dalam kegiatan produktif, (b) umur dan motivasi menjadi nelayan terhadap kontrol terhadap kegiatan produktif, (c) umur, lama menjadi nelayan, dan jumlah anggota rumah tangga terhadap kontrol dalam mengikuti kegiatan sosial, (d) umur dan lama menjadi nelayan terhadap pembagian kerja dan kontrol terhadap manfaat yang diperoleh.

Kata Kunci : Perubahan iklim, gender, rumah tangga nelayan


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jskpm.4.2.137-154

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